Vasectomy or ‘male sterilisation’ is a easy and reliable method of contraception. It is usually considered permanent, although in some cases the procedure can be reversed.
A vasectomy usually takes about 30 minutes, and can be done under local or general anaesthetic. Men usually report feeling a mild to moderate ache in their testicles for a few seconds during the procedure. For a few days after the vasectomy the testicles may ache or feel like they have been kicked. Men should rest for 24 hours afterwards and avoid heavy physical work and sexual activity for a few days.
Traditional vasectomy Using a scalpel, the surgeon makes one or two small incisions (cuts) in the skin of the scrotum near the base of the penis (one incision to reach the vas deferens from each testicle). Once the vas deferens are exposed, they are cut or blocked in some way. Options include cutting the tubes and tying the ends, burning the tubes with a hot tool, or blocking them with surgical clips. The two small incisions in the scrotum are then closed with two or three small stitches.
No-scalpel vasectomy In this less-invasive approach, only tiny incisions are necessary. The surgeon makes one or two punctures to access the vas deferens. The puncture is widened slightly, then the surgeon cuts or blocks each vas deferens. The puncture site can be covered with a tiny dressing. No stitches are needed.
As with any surgery, there’s some discomfort after the operation. It will be different for each man. However, most men say the pain is “slight” or “moderate” and not “excessive.” An athletic supporter, ice bag, and non-aspirin pain reliever may help ease the pain. Avoid strenuous physical work or exercise for about a week. There seems to be less pain associated with no-incision procedures.
Discomfort after the surgery can include slight swelling, bruising or discoloration in the scrotal area. Also, a headache, body ache, nausea and other symptoms can result from the anesthesia but will diminish within the first few days.You can have sex as soon as you feel like it after the operation (some men have sex within hours), but you’ll need to use an additional contraceptive method for a while. Yes ??? you will produce semen. It will look just the same as before and the volume should be the same.