What is laparoscopy?
A laparoscope is a special telescope designed for medical use. It is connected to a high intensity (fiber-optic) light source as well as a high-resolution television camera. This allows the surgeon to view the abdominal cavity. The laparoscope is placed into the abdominal cavity through a hollow tube (trocar) and the image is viewed on a TV monitor.
There are many advantages over traditional open surgery. People who undergo laparoscopic procedures often have a shorter hospitalization. On average 1 to 2 days for laparoscopic versus 5 to 7 days for open surgery. Also, since laparoscopy utilizes much smaller incisions, the risk of wound infection is less and consequently the risk of hernia formation is less. While postoperative pain is different for everybody, patients often report much less pain after laparoscopy.
What is Stomach Cancer?
The stomach is a sack-like organ located just under the diaphragm (muscle under the lungs). Stomach cancer, also called gastric cancer, is the name for cancer that begins in the stomach, generally the stomach lining. This type of cancer can eventually spread to lymph nodes and organs such as the liver, pancreas, colon, lungs and ovaries. People occasionally confuse the stomach organ with the abdominal area, saying they have a “stomach ache” when really the pain could be occurring in the appendix, small intestine, colon (large intestine) or gall bladder, along with the actual stomach. The stomach can be divided into five sections, and the location of the cancer in the stomach can affect things like symptoms, prognosis and treatment options.
What is Gastrointestinal distress?
Gastrointestinal (GI) problems are probably the second most encountered complaint after dehydration. However, gastrointestinal distress can potentially be terribly debilitating, and, despite months of training, can completely destroy your race day performance.
Common GI issues include cramping, nausea, bloating, vomiting, and diarrhea. Gastroparesis is a medical term which means decreased gut motility or delayed emptying of the stomach and small intestines. As one could imagine, delayed emptying in the stomach is the main culprit resulting in bloating, cramping, nausea, and vomiting. There are a number of factors that cause GI distress and gastroparesis, and typically it is a combination of these factors that causes the problem.
Head and Neck Cancers
Head and neck cancer includes cancers of the mouth, nose, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, and lymph nodes in the neck. Most begin in the moist tissues that line the mouth, nose and throat.
Using tobacco or alcohol increases your risk. In fact, 85 percent of head and neck cancers are linked to tobacco use, including smoking and smokeless tobacco. If found early, these cancers are often curable. Treatments may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy or a combination. Treatments can affect eating, speaking or even breathing, so patients may need rehabilitation.